Michelangelo Sculptures.
Renaissance Gems.

Michelangelo Buonarroti is without doubt the most revered sculptor of the Renaissance period and, despite his fresco work in The Sistine Chapel, he always considered himself to be a sculptor rather than a painter. He was raised in Florence but had lived with a stonecutter and his wife during his mothers long illness, and also for some time after her death. This early introduction to the stonecutters trade fed Michelangelo's interest in sculpture and he studied at the school of Lorenzo de' Medici under the guidance of Bertoldo di Giovanni.

Michelangelo lived in the household of his patron Lorenzo de’ Medici for four years until Lorenzo’s death in 1492. While at the Medici school he would often criticize the work of students less skilful than himself. One story relates to the apprentice Pietro Torrigiano, who became so enraged by the remarks of his fellow student, that he punched him in the face breaking his nose. Later Torrigiano recalled:


“I gave him so violent a blow upon the nose that I felt the bone and cartilage break”


Depictions of Michelangelo are always marked by his crooked nose. Even so Michelangelo’s genius was not dulled by this violent encounter, he produced a copy of an ancient marble sculpture, a Faun. This depiction of a half man, half goat so admired by Lorenzo is sadly lost but it marked the beginning of the artist’s long and distinguished career as a sculptor.

Two of his first sculptures are 'The Madonna of the Stairs', and 'The Battle of the Centaurs'. 

Cupid, boy-God of Love and Bacchus, The God of Wine.

Cupid, boy-god-of love

Cupid, 1494-1496, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. (s)

Also known as the Manhattan Cupid, due to it's location, very little is known about this early work by Michelangelo. It Is thought to have been part of a collection of statues in the Villa Borghese Gardens in Rome. This badly damaged work originally had arms and legs which have broken off and are now sadly lost. 

Bacchus, 1496-1497 Bargello Museum, Florence. (s)

The twenty-two-year-old artist has captured the unsteady, drunken ancient god of wine attempting to balance his wine cup despite his awkward, lurching posture. He is accompanied by a satyr, the half-human half-goat satyr eats from a large bunch of grapes while clutching a tiger skin in his right hand. This statue was not well received by Michelangelo's patron, Cardinal Raffaele Riario, who found the work distasteful.  


Works in the Cathedral of San Domenico, Bologna.

The Kneeling Angel was made as a companion piece for an earlier marble Angel by Niccolo d' Arca. It is placed on the lower level of the tomb of St Dominic in the cathedral of San Domenico, Bologna. Kneeling on the left knee the Angel supports a beautifully carved candle holder on the right knee. The folds of the clothing expertly outline the body shape, a tribute to Michelangelo's undoubted skill as a master sculptor.

Proculus is the patron saint of the Italian city of Bologna. He was a Roman military leader and a Christian. Proculus was eventually martyred for his beliefs. The marble statue is situated in the cathedral of San Domenico, Bologna on the tomb of St Dominic. Proculus once held a metal lance in his clenched right hand, sadly the lance is now lost.

The Pieta.

'Pietà', St Peters, Rome. 1499–1500. (s)

What a contrast to the Bacchus, the god with the all too human defects! The Rome Pieta is an emotionally charged incarnation of a mother cradling her lifeless son. It is an almost universally loved portrayal of the Virgin and Christ.

Carved from a single piece of marble this highly polished masterpiece has captured the sadness of Christ's mother as she gazes at the tortured body of her son. The sash worn diagonally across the Virgin is carved with the Latin words, "Michelangelus Buonarrotus Florentinus Faciebat" meaning "Michelangelo Buonarroti, Florentine, made this". The artist clearly intended  to make sure that the piece was recognised as his work.


Michelangelo Sculptures:-David.

David by Michelangelo
Head of David by Michelangelo

The art historian Giorgio Vasari wrote:


" Without any doubt this figure has put in the shade every other statue, ancient or modern, Greek or Roman... To be sure,anyone who has seen Michelangelo's David has no need to see anything else by any other sculptor, living or dead."

 Do you get the impression that Vasari was quite taken with this statue?

(David was carved using stone from the quarry at Carrara.)

'David', 1501-1504 Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts. (w)

Note:-The statue on the Piazza della Signoria is a copy.

Personal opinion:-

 Yes, I know it's probably the most recognized statue in the world and it's sometimes overlooked because the image is so familiar; but try to look at this work with fresh eyes and I think you will agree; it's just perfect!


Michelangelo's Tondo's (circular marble pieces)

Tondo Taddeli, a circular marble relief by Michelangelo

Tondo Taddeli. Royal Academy, London, 1503-1506, 109cm (42.9in)

Tondo Pitti, a circular marble relief by Michelangelo

Tondo Pitti. Museum del Bargello, Florence, Italy, 1503-1506, 85.8cm x 82cm (33.5in x 32.3in)

The Bruges Madonna.

Named because it was commissioned by a group of merchants from that city. This is one of the artists lesser known works and was in fact described as being made of bronze by Michelangelo's biographer, Ascanio Condivi. 

Michelangelo's marble masterpiece, the Bruges Madonna.
Detail from Michelangelo's Bruges Madonna, the Christ Child.

Madonna and Child, 1501-1504. Marble, height 128 cm
Bruges, Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk.
(s)

Commissioned by two Flemish merchants, Jean and Alexander Mouscron, the statue was dispatched to Bruges in 1506. It was intended for the merchant's family chapel in the church of Notre-Dame, Bruges. 


Michelangelo Sculptures:-
The Tomb of Pope Julius II. 1505-1545.

Tomb of Pope Julius II by Michelangelo

 Michelangelo designed at least six different styles for this monument. The artist was given the commission by Julius with the promise of a huge payment of 10,000 ducats, an astronomical amount of money at the time. The scale of the project was reduced over the forty year period from conception to completion, however the tomb contains some magnificent statues, and remains as a fine example of renaissance art.

 Only the three figures at the bottom of the tomb (Rachel, Moses and Leah) are by Michelangelo, two figures of slaves intended for the tomb are now in the Louvre Museum in Paris.

Intended for Pope Julius II funeral monument this magnificent work was designed to be the central figure of the mausoleum.

Michelangelo's Dying Slave

Dying Slave. (s)

Rebellious Slave by Michelagelo

Rebellious Slave. 1513-1520 (s)

Both works were created between 1513-1520 for the base of the tomb of Pope Julius II.  The statues can now be seen in the Louvre Paris. The figures proved to be to large for their intended locations in the niches of the tomb, they were replaced by the statues of Rachel and Leah.

Awakening Slave Michelangelo 1520-1534
Atlas Slave Michelangelo 1520-1534
Bearded Slave Michelangelo
Young Slave Michelangelo 1520-1534

These four unfinished oversized statues were planned for the monument of Julius II. Part of the contract of 1516 specifying 22 sculptures they now reside in the Galleria dell' Accademia in Florence. They are, from left to right, Awakening Slave, Atlas Slave, Bearded Slave and Young Slave.

Rachel by Michelangelo.

Rachel. (s)

Leah by Michelangelo

Leah. (s)

These two figures flank the statue of Moses, both are over six feet high but do not compete with the central figure. (Moses, over eight feet tall)  


Michelangelo Sculptures:-
The Medici Chapel Statues. 1520-1534
San Lorenzo, Florence.

This monumental work was a combination of Michelangelo's skills in architecture and  sculpture. It had long been an ambition of the artist to utilize these skills within the same artistic framework and his work in the Medici Chapel realized that ambition.

The Tomb of Lorenzo, with the male Dusk and female Dawn. (s)

Tomb of Lorenzo by Michelangelo
Lorenzo de Medici by Michelangelo

  Lorenzo de Medici (s)

This is of Lorenzo, Duke of Urbino, and not Lorenzo the Magnificent who was the most  important member of the Medici family.

The Tomb of Giuliano, with the female Night and the male Day. (s)

Tomb of Giuliano by Michelangelo
Giuliano de Medici by Michelangelo

Right:- "Giuliano de'Medici"  (s)

 Giuliano de 'Medici, Duke of Nemours.
This statue is an idealized, heroic depiction, created in the classical style by Michelangelo.

The female Night from the tomb of Giuliano de' Medici. (Michelangelo)
Detail of a tragic mask by Michelangelo
Owl from the tomb of Giuliano de' Medici by Michelangelo

Detail of the female Night and Tragic Mask, beneath the body of Night suggesting that sleep imitates death. Owl, below the left leg of Night is symbolic of the hours of darkness.

Michelangelo Sculptures:-The Florentine Pietà.

The Deposition ("The Florentine Pietà") Michelangelo, c. 1550 Marble, height 226 cm Florence, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo (s)

Michelangelo intended this to be his own funeral marker, it is one of his most elaborate pieces. Representing the dead Christ, his mother, seated, a maidservant and the upright figure of a man possibly Nicodemus or Joseph of Arimathea, it remains as a powerful reminder of Michelangelo's visionary prowess. 

Michelangelo tried to destroy this work because the marble was defective, and the statue remains unfinished.