The 14th century. The Trecento.
1265. Birth of Dante
1348. The Black Death sweeps through Europe. Between 25% and 50% of the population fall victim to the plague.
1378. The estimated appearance of Halley's Comet. (November 10)
1389. Birth of Cosimo de' Medici.
The 15th century. The Quattrocento.
1406. Dick Whittington is elected Lord Mayor of London.
1420-1436. Brunelleschi completes the Dome of Florence Cathedral.
1426. Masaccio is commissioned to paint The Pisa Polyptych.
1431. 30 May, Joan of Arc is burned at the stake.
1434. Jan Van Eyck paints The Arnolfini Portrait.
1446. Birth of Christopher Columbus.
1449. Birth of Lorenzo de Medici.
1452. Ghiberti completes The gates of paradise.
1455. The Wars of the Roses. The English civil war.
1457/8. Birth of King Henry VII of England.
1466. Birth of the Dutch philosopher Erasmus.
1469. Lorenzo de Medici takes power in Florence.
1475. Birth of Cesare Borgia.
1483. The Sistine Chapel opens.
1485. Botticelli paints The Birth of Venus.
1488. Michelangelo Buonarroti is apprenticed to Domenico Ghirlandaio.
1492. October 12th, Columbus discovers America.
The 16th century. The Cinquecento.
1508. Michelangelo begins work in the Sistine Chapel.
1516. Leonardo da Vinci accepts Francis I's invitation to France.
1518. Raphael paints his portrait of Leo X. (Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici)
1519. Birth of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
1520. Pope Leo X threatens Martin Luther with Excommunication.
1527. The sack of Rome by German mercenary troops.
1550. The Lives of the Artists by Vasari is published.
1564. Naples bans kissing in public under pain of death.
1571. The Royal Exchange opens in London, England.
1576. Spanish soldiers sack Antwerp.
1588. The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English.
1594. Henry IV of Navarre is crowned King of France.