Paolo Uccello.
The Battle of San Romano.

Paolo Uccello was born in Florence in 1397. He was apprenticed to the sculptor and metalworker Lorenzo Ghiberti and was admitted to the painters guild in 1414. Paolo was also a lifelong friend of Donatello.

He married Tomasa Malifici in 1453 and a son, Donato was born in the same year. By 1456 the couple had also produced a daughter, Antonia.

Uccello was fascinated by the new science of perspective and spent nights and days drawing objects in foreshortening. when his wife called him to come to bed he would say:
"Oh what a lovely thing this perspective is!"

His most famous work is The Battle of San Romano. The Battle of San Romano was fought in 1432 between the troops of Florence, commanded by Niccolò da Tolentino, and Siena, under Francesco Piccinino There are three panels, one in the National Gallery in London, one in the Uffizi in Florence and the final panel is in the Louvre, Paris.

Detail showing the foreshortened soldier in The Battle of San Romano.

foreshortened soldier by Paolo Uccello
The Battle of San Romano (London version)

The Battle of San Romano. 
(probably about 1438-1440) Egg tempera with walnut oil and linseed oil on poplar, 181.6 x 320 cm National Gallery, London.(w)

This is probably the artist's best-preserved picture and it clearly shows his fascination with perspective. The broken lances on the ground all point to a common vanishing point as does the fallen soldier who is foreshortened in one of the earliest examples of this type of painting.

The Battle of San Romano (Uffizi version)

Niccolò Mauruzi da Tolentino unseats Bernardino della Ciarda at:-

The Battle of San Romano (w) 
(about 1435 to 1455), tempera on wood, 182 x 220 cm,(Galleria degli Uffizi) (w)

The Battle of San Romano (Louvre version)

The Counterattack of Michelotto da Cotignola at:-
The Battle of San Romano (w) 
Musée du Louvre, Paris.(about 1455), wood panel, 182 x 317 cm.

Personal Opinion:-

Going to be controversial here, I don't like this version. I have seen this and the one in the National Gallery in London and the difference in quality is staggering. The painting has suffered from some poor restoration and from the passage of time, it does just not seem as impressive as the London version. I feel it is important to say what you dislike in the world of art, everyone has their own opinion. If you feel that a heap of bricks on the floor of the Tate Modern does not do it for you say so.

St George and the Dragon by Paolo Uccello

St George and the Dragon (w)
55.6 × 74.2 cm 1456 National gallery, London. (w)

This work has quite a Gothic feel with its stylised pageantry taking president over the realism being pioneered by other artists of the period.

The Hunt in the Forest by Paolo Uccello

The Hunt in the Forest. 1470. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England. (w)

 This is Uccello's last known painting. It shows how well he understood perspective, with the hunters, dogs and horses all disappearing into the forest in the distance. A lasting testament to a great artist.

 In his Florentine tax return of August 1469, Uccello declared:
“I find myself old and ailing, my wife is ill, and I can no longer work.”
He died on 10th December 1475 aged 78.