Andrea del Verrocchio.
Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488) was much admired by the Medici the
famous family who exerted huge influence over the City of Florence. He was
multitalented with his own workshop, the young Leonardo da Vinci was one of his
Verrocchio’s bronze statue of Jesus and the Doubting St Thomas (1465-1483) was made to be placed in a niche on Or San Michele. The sculpture was radical in its expression of movement and gesture. Jesus stands within the niche with his cloak opened revealing the wound in his side, his right arm is raised adding yet more movement to the statue. Thomas’ right foot is placed outside of the niche facing away from it, his body is posed in a twisting motion facing Jesus in the doorway.
This half in and half out placement breaks from the earlier tradition of figures standing formally within the confines of the niche and is a powerful reminder of Verrocchio’s command of the human body.
The magnificent statue of Bartolommeo Colleoni, a Venetian general, illustrates the great standing held by Verrocchio. His fame was so great that the rival city of Venice commissioned him (a Florentine) to produce this equestrian statue. I have seen this one in Venice, it's difficult to miss, and very, very impressive.
Jesus and the Doubting St Thomas was placed in an external niche of the church of Orsanmichele in 1483. The artist chosen for this work was Andrea del Verrocchio.