In Greek mythology, Minos was the king of Crete and was the son of Zeus and Europa. He became one of the three judges of the underworld after his own death and Michelangelo has depicted Minos with ass-ears and wrapped in serpents coils. The coils indicate to what circle of hell the damned are destined.
The serpent's bite on the genitals of Minos (da Cesena) illustrates Michelangelo's disdain for the Cardinal and of course, Baigio must have been furious but... A point well made I believe!
At the bottom of the painting the boatman Charon can be seen ferrying the damned into hell.
Charon is the mythical boatman of Roman and Greek mythology who ferried the damned to hell. He is featured in Dante's Devine Comedy, and also in Virgil's Eneid, both of these works provided inspiration for Michelangelo's interpretation of the Last Judgement.
Lower down on Christ’s right is the figure of a damned man who covers one eye in fear of his terrible fate.
This poor soul truly is damned. Demons and Devils from the underworld grasp and bite at his body dragging him down to the eternal damnation that awaits him. His facial expression is etched in the fear of the certain knowledge that there is no escape from these monsters.
He realises that all of his mortal strength is useless against the hordes of demonic creatures from hell.
Or... Perhaps he's just has a very bad day at the office!
In this scene, Angels push and punch the hapless damned down
toward Charon the boatman on their journey into hell. Demonic creatures hasten
the doomed to their final destination in the Underworld. Michelangelo’s knowledge of human anatomy is illustrated by the mass of bodies, viewed from every angle, as they are raised into Heaven.
The resurrection of the dead is shown at the bottom left of the painting.