A new patron and a new Pope.
The amount of work produced by Raphael is remarkable when you consider his untimely death at the age of 37. He produced a wealth of paintings including several Madonna’s, portraits and altarpieces, all in addition to his Vatican efforts.
His only mythological work, Galatea, was painted for the Tiber villa of Agostino Chigi, another of his great patrons. Chigi was a Sienese banker and commissioned work on his private chapel located in the church of Santa Maria del Popolo in Rome, also designed by Raphael. The work was completed more than a century later by Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini.
Raphael had not finished his work in the Stanza d'Eliodoro when in 1513 Pope Julius II dies and on the 11th March Giovanni de Medici is elected and takes the name of Leo X. The artist's rise to fame and fortune continued under the patronage of the new pope, in fact, the commissions under Leo became ever more demanding. Raphael was now very successful and had an extensive workshop of about fifty pupils and associates and, due to his vast workload, his assistants increasingly completed works following the artist's designs.
Some of the later works in the Stanze have been painted by his assistants and pupils. In 1514 Raphael finished his work in the Stanza d'Eliodoro and paints his Fire in the Borgo in the Stanza dell Incendio. This is the only work that Raphael is believed to have had some involvement in the actual execution of the painting. All of the remaining work in the Stanza dell Incendio was completed by his workshop.
Raphael's upbringing in the court at Umbria had honed his personal skills, he was well mannered and a favourite of the papal regime. Bramante had overseen plans for the rebuilding of St Peter's under the patronage of Julius II. He recommended Raphael for the post of chief architect and, despite the artist's limited experience, Leo X appointed him the architect of St Peter's on April 1st 1514. In 1515/16 he designs cartoons for a series of tapestries for the Sistine Chapel. The theme was the acts of St Peter and St Paul. The tapestries were to hang below the early frescoes on the chapel walls.
These cartoons, ten in all, were painted by Raphael himself as a mirror image reversed in the weaving process. The weaving took place in Brussels and in 1519 A total of seven tapestries arrived in Rome and were hung in the Sistine Chapel. In 1517 he begins the decoration of the Vatican Loggias and the Loggia di Psiche in Chigi's Tiber Villa. Raphael's Loggias were grand in their design and conception. The architecture, fresco decoration and stucco reliefs caused a sensation, recreating the decorative splendour of antiquity that was so much admired at the time of The Renaissance.